Do We Worship the SAME God?

Saturday, 16 October 2010 19:02 Geoff Dickson

This fundamental question is posed by none other than Mark Durie, whose latest book called “The Third Choice” was reviewed on this site on 28th July 2010. As an Anglican theologian, Mark Durie is obviously aware that the Muslim God, Allah, bears little resemblance to YHWH, the God of the Bible. However, an earlier work by Mark Durie deserves serious attention. In an earlier book simply called ‘Revelation’ Durie seeks to answer the fundamental question “do Christians and Muslims worship the same God”? With about half of the world’s population belonging to either of these two ‘faiths’, this is an important question to ask. Muslims believe because of Sura 29:46 that Jews, Christians and Muslims all worship the same God, and of course, they also claim that Islam is an Abrahamic faith like Judaism and Christianity. However Mark Durie skilfully dismisses this claim and shows conclusively that YHWH of the Bible is completely different to Allah of Islam and the two are irreconcilable. This fact has enormous consequences which should be widely debated, because Western civilization is based on Judeo-Christian principles. If our leaders understand this, then political decisions regarding Islam may take a different course, and one that might just save our civilization from the curses of Islam.

In this article, we shall review the salient points raised by Mark Durie and show that he establishes clearly that Muslims and Christians don’t worship the same God. If Mark Durie is taken seriously, then there is no need for Interfaith other than to persuade Muslims to give up Islam.

We also have presented a challenge for our Muslim readers in Appendix “A”.

Revelation by Mark Durie: Book Structure

Mark Durie wisely divides his book into three sections which address the fundamental differences between Christianity and Islam.

  1. Jesus or Isa; where he profiles both characters and proves that Jesus is NOT the same as Isa
  2. Holy Spirit or Ruh Al-Qudus; where he examines the concept of the Spirit in both faiths, and shows again the huge differences
  3. Who is the Lord God; where he compares YHWH in the Bible to Allah in Islam and finds that the two can never be reconciled.

Section 1: Jesus or Isa

Now in Sura 42:10-14 it states that all prophets were given the same religion, and in Sura 29:46 it states that Jews and Christians worship the same God as the Muslims, that is Allah. So Islam calls Jesus a Muslim. The Quran holds further that Isa (Jesus) was given a book (Injil). We know that among the 30,000 documents that support the New Testament that there is no mention of Jesus ever having a ‘book’. There is no historical or archaeological evidence either to support the Muslim claim.

Further in Sura 4:165-169 it implies that Christians worship Mary as part of the Holy Trinity. If Allah was YHWH the God of the Bible he would know that this claim is FALSE. From the Hadith collection, Isa will return to Earth to destroy the Christian church (break crosses) and kill Christians who won’t convert to Islam. [Bukhari 3.34.425 and Abu Dawud 37:4310] This explains the Muslim hatred for crosses and the persecution of Christians world-wide. In 2009 alone, over 165,000 Christians were killed in Muslim countries, and one Christian was tortured every three minutes in Muslim countries.

Durie also addresses the vexing question of Isa as Jesus name. In Hebrew Jehoshua means ‘YHWH is Salvation’ and has an equivalent Yeshua in Arabic. There is NO correlation to the name Isa in Arabic. The closest translation is perhaps Esau, who was the hated brother of Jacob.

In the Bible, Jesus referred to himself as ‘I AM’ which is the first person form of YHWH.

Was Jesus crucified?

Mainstream Islam today claims that Jesus was not crucified, but another took his place and was crucified instead of Jesus. [Sura 4:157] However, many early Muslim scholars like ibn Ishaq and Al Tabari did believe that Jesus was crucified, and other scholars are confused about who was substituted, was it Judas or Tatanos, or someone else. Mark Durie states in Chapter 3 the many early sources that reported the crucifixion.

  1. Thallus, a secular historian writing circa 52AD refers to the death of Jesus and the darkness that came over the land. Julius Africanus in the third century also mentions this darkness which was a prophecy from the prophet Amos who said the Sun would go down at noon. [Amos 8:9]
  2. A Syrian Mara Bar-Serapion writing after the destruction of the Temple in 70AD, mentions the execution of Jesus, who he calls ‘the King’.
  3. Jewish historian Josephus writing about 93/94AD, mentions Pilate and the crucifixion of Jesus
  4. A Roman historian Tacitus (55 – 120AD) mentions the death of Christus who was put to death by Pontius Pilate during the reign of Tiberius.
  5. Suetonius writing about 120AD also mentions these events.
  6. And of course, the earliest was the creed contained 1 Corinthians 15 which is dated to before 51AD and possible as early as 38AD, which mentions the torture, crucifixion, burial and resurrection of Jesus, and that many were still alive to testify to the facts.

Weighing the evidence and the proximity to the events, the Bible account is far more credible than the Quran.

Section 2: Holy Spirit or Ruh Al-Qudus?

In Section 2, Mark Durie explores the concept of the Holy Spirit in both Islam and Christianity. In Arabic, the spirit is called Ruh Al-Qudus, where Ruh means ‘breath’, ‘spirit’ or ‘soul’.

The Quran confuses the Ruh with the angel Gabriel (Jibril) and so consigns the status of the spirit to be on par with angels. Ruh is also used to mean ‘breath’ when used in describing the virgin birth when Allah breathed his spirit into Mary. [Sura 21:90-94] Even Mohammed said he was told very little about the Spirit in Sura 17:85-89. “They will question you concerning the Spirit. You have been given of knowledge nothing except a little”.

The Bible however elevates the role of the Spirit to be the same as God. Isaiah certainly equates the working of the Holy Spirit with God in Isaiah 63:11-14.

Section 3: Who is the Lord God?

Now Mark Durie addresses some of the key differences in nature between Allah and YHWH. His list is not extensive, but it is sufficient to draw the natural conclusion that Allah cannot be YHWH.

When Moses was at Horeb and encountered the burning bush, he was instructed by an angel of the Lord thus. “YHWH, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is my name forever, the name by which I am to be remembered from generation to generation”. [Exodus 3:14-15] So the God of Abraham is called WHWH only, forever!

And the Bible says that men began to call on the name of YHWH after the birth of Enoch, the son of Seth who was the son of Adam. [Genesis 4:26] The Quran though announces God’s name as Allah and it is used 2,700 times. The name YHWH does not appear even once in the Quran, even though Moses was told that was God’s name forever.“Who is the Lord of the Heavens and of the earth?” Say Allah”. [Sura 13:15-19]

So there is no agreement at all on what God is called between Christianity and Islam.

YHWH detests evil; Allah is the author of EVIL

From the Quran itself we learn that Allah is the cause of debauchery. [Sura 91:5-9]

Because Satan did not bow down to worship Adam (at Allah’s command), Allah has directed Satan to be an agent of evil against humanity. [Sura 7:10-14] In contrast, YHWH has no partnership with evil and cannot even look upon it. Durie quotes from Bible passages which show that when men walk outside of God’s protection through disobedience, they lay themselves open to the power of evil.

YHWH indwells in man, Allah doesn’t

One of the stark differences between Allah and YHWH is that unlike Allah who is about somewhere but never anywhere in particular and is remote to mankind, YHWH is both omnipresent and indwelling through his Spirit.

The concept of God in the Spirit is a well developed theme throughout the Bible. The OT passage in Isaiah relates how the Lord God has sent me and his spirit. [Isaiah 48:16]

YHWH is Holy, Allah isn’t

Holiness is a central concept in the Bible, but not in Islam, which hardly mentions it.

YHWH is Holy and calls his people to holiness. [Leviticus 19:1-2]

Moses was barred from approaching the burning bush because where God was is Holy ground.

The Temple of Solomon included the Holy of Holies where the Ark of the Covenant was kept. [Exodus 33:34]
Jerusalem is called the city of God, the Holy place where the Most High dwells. [Psalm 46:4]

The saving work of God causes his people to be sanctified, or made holy.

This concept is completely foreign to Islam. Islam calls ‘holy’ things like land, battles, certain times and the Quran itself. It is not important to Allah, even though one of his 99 names is Al-Quddus (the Holy).


Mark Durie makes such a strong case that the nature of YHWH in the Bible is so totally different to the Allah of the Quran that they cannot be considered to be the same. Drawing on the analogy of Occam’s Razor, it must be said that Mark Durie provides an elegant sufficiency to prove that Allah is NOT YHWH.

This of course makes Sura 29:46 to be a LIE, because this ayat proclaims that Jews and Christians worship the same God. This also destroys the central claim of Muslims that the Quran is the unaltered word of God.

Isa in Islam bears no resemblance to the Jesus of the Bible, either in name, or history, or in belief. In fact the Isa of Islam bears a strong resemblance to the False Prophet of Revelation 13:11.

The Biblical concept of the Holy Spirit is misunderstood in Islam and is relegated to the status of an angel or messenger. In fact, one could pose the following question: “If Allah misunderstands the concept of the Trinity which Christians see as manifestations of the one God, how can Allah possibly be that one true God?”

The common Muslim position to Jesus is that ‘Allah doesn’t need a son to do his work’.

This can easily be turned back on Muslims with this argument.

If God’s Plan revealed through prophecy is to include a ‘Son’ then why can’t God do this?

Do Muslims know the Mind of God better than God? Do Muslims tell God what he can or can’t do?

Mark Durie does not then pose the obvious question “So who IS Allah”. But we do! [See References]


On Monday night 21st September, Insight on SBS ran a segment on “Should we ban the Burkha”.
Jennie Brockie for once had trouble controlling the audience as emotions ran hot. She had Tariq Ramadan from Oxford University who wants a discussion on “should women be stoned for adultery”. And also an Imam Sheik Omran who had trouble answering questions, a spokesman for Hizb-Ut-Tahrir who want to overthrow our democracy, a crowd of ladies (I think they were) wearing black tents, all against Senator Cory Bernadi (SA) who wants the face veils banned.
And good on him!
These people enjoy their freedoms because of our Judeo-Christian values and heritage. Yet they dictate to us how they want things to be in our country. OUR Country!
SBS should run a segment on “do Muslims and Christians worship the same God”?
We will contact SBS and ask that they include Mark Durie and a prominent Imam.


One of the most powerful reasons (not mentioned by Mark Durie) why YHWH and not Allah is the true God, is the amount of fulfilled prophecy contained in the Bible that is absent from the Quran and Islam. The Bible contains prophecies given from 1,000BC in the Psalms.
Consider this from the prophet Isaiah (circa 700BC).
“I am God, there is no other,
Declaring the end from the beginning,
And from ancient times things not done;
I have planned and I will do it”. [Isaiah 46:9-11]

In other words, consistently predicting future events which are there for all to see is the criteria to show that YHWH is the one true God. And hundreds of such prophecies have been fulfilled, starting from the scattering of the ten northern tribes of Israel, the seventy years of captivity in Babylon, the rebuilding of Jerusalem, the building of the Dome of the Rock, the battle of Tours, the formation of Zion in 1948 are just a few.

APPENDIX “A”. Prophecy : a Challenge for Muslim Mathematicians
There are major prophecies about the life of Jesus that are missing from the Quran and are unique to the Bible. History has shown that Jesus fulfilled these prophesies which were made many hundreds of years before the events took place. The mathematical probabilities involved are staggering, and we invite our Muslim readers to “do the Maths”. Although there are over one hundred prophecies that Jesus fulfilled, we shall consider just a few of these.
For each prophecy below, consider all the possible outcomes and work out the probability for success.
Then derive the composite probability by multiplying all probabilities together.
Note: Don’t forget the “time factor” probability which is given as 1/(2*t) where t = the number of years.
For example, the virgin birth prophecy was made about 700 years before the event, so t=700 and the time factor probability is 1/1400. Only some prophecies attract this time factor.

No.1 Jesus will be born in Bethlehem [Micah 5:1-2]
The Bible records this fact in Luke 2:4-7, however the Quran only mentions he is born under a palm tree.
Consider at that time there were about 1,000 villages in Palestine so the probability of being born in Bethlehem is 1/1000.

No.2 Jesus will be born of a virgin and his origins are of ancient times. [Isaiah 7:14, Micah 5:2]
The virgin birth is confirmed in Luke 1:26-27 and also confirmed in the Quran.
Consider the World female population at that time was about 84,850,000 (World Christian Encyclopaedia), hence the probability of a virgin birth would be about 1/107.9. This must be multiplied by the time factor where t=700, so Pt=1/1400. In John 8:58 when Jesus is talking about Abraham, he says “before Abraham was, I AM”.
In his own words he claims to be from ancient times, and note that I AM is the first person of YHWH, so Jesus is claiming to be ‘from God’. Calculate the combined probability for the virgin birth.

No.3 Jesus Ministry would start in Galilee [Isaiah 9:1-2]
That Jesus did start his ministry in Galilee is confirmed in Matthew 4:13-15.
Consider all the districts around Jerusalem where Jesus could have started his ministry and work out the probability that it was Galilee and no other.

No.4 Jesus would teach using Parables [Psalm 78:1-2]
This is confirmed in Matthew 13:34-35, and the New Testament contains about 40 parables.
Consider the different ways that Jesus could teach and work out the probability that he used parables as his teaching method.

No.5 Jesus would ride into Jerusalem on a donkey. [Zechariah 9:9]
Three prophecies are involved here. Zechariah 9:9 states that “your King comes to you, humble and riding on a colt, the foal of a donkey”, while Psalm 118:24-26 proclaims that “blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord”. Palm Sunday is celebrated by Christians as the Sunday before the Passover and it corresponds with the end of the sixty ninth week of Daniel’s amazing Seventy Weeks prophecy, given in Daniel 9:26.
All three prophecies are completely fulfilled in Luke 19:28-40. (Proof of prophecy is given in APPENDIX B).

No.6 Jesus betrayed for 30 pieces of silver which were used to buy the potter’s field. [Zechariah 11:12-14]
Judas betrayed Jesus and accepted 30 pieces of silver from the Priests, however he returned the money which was then used to purchase the ‘field of blood’ or potter’s field.
These two prophecies were fulfilled in Matthew 26:14-15 and Matthew 27:3-8.
Consider the various ways Judas could have been rewarded for betrayal, like gifts or money, and then why 30 pieces, why not 40 pieces or some other amount. Why silver and not gold?
Consider options the priest had to dispose of the returned bribe, then calculate the combined probability.

No.7 Crucifixion. [Psalm 22, Amos 8]
Here we must break down into component elements to consider probabilities. These are but a few.
- His hands and feet were pierced for the crucifixion [Psalm 22:16]
- He was poured out like water [Psalm 22:14]
- His clothes were divided among soldiers and they gambled for his undergarment [Psalm 22:18]
- His legs were not broken on the cross [Psalm 22:17]
- Darkness came over the land at noon [Amos 8:9]

Reported in all four Gospels but read Luke 23:26-49 and John 19:16-37.
Remember Jesus had said his purpose was to fulfil what is written about him in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms. [Luke 24:44] And Jesus gives a clue when dying on the cross, when he quotes the first line of Psalm 22 “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani” or “My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?” This is powerful because this Psalm was authored about 1,000 years before the crucifixion, and crucifixion was first practised by the Phoenicians and Carthaginians about 400BC. So how could the Psalmist give such a detailed description of the crucifixion? Isaiah 53 compliments the story in Psalm 22 and it was written about 700 years before the crucifixion. Consider now the elements of the crucifixion mentioned above.
Method of Jesus death.
Consider the options for Jesus to die, from beheading, by the sword, buried alive, burned by fire, natural causes, poisoning, crucifixion etc., and consider the probability for crucifixion alone.
Poured out like water.
Jesus side was pierced by a soldier and out flowed blood and water. [John 19:34] Why is this important?
Firstly after the scourging at the pillar, Jesus would be suffering from hypovolemic shock, a low blood pressure condition produced by a great loss of blood. Breathing on the cross was only possible by pushing upwards and as the man gets weaker, this results in respiratory acidosis which leads to an irregular heartbeat. So death would follow by cardiac arrest. The low blood pressure (hypovolemic shock) would cause a collection of fluid around the heart, called pericardial effusion, and around the lungs called pleural effusion.
This medical condition was ONLY realised in the 20th century, so it adds credibility to John’s account.
When the soldier pierced his side, water was observed with the blood. Consider the probability that his side was pierced or not, and that water and blood flowed out together or not.
Clothes divided and gambled for.
Consider the options, including discarding and burning the clothes, giving them to his mother Mary, or to his disciples, or taken by a soldier etc. Calculate the unique probability that the inner garment was gambled for and the outer clothes shared among the soldiers. Good luck with that one!
Legs not broken on the cross.
To be the perfect sacrificial lamb, no bones could be broken [Psalm 34:20]. Now the soldiers had a habit of breaking the legs of those crucified so they died before the Sabbath (which was the next day). So Jesus fulfilled this prophecy as well. Calculate this probability as ½ (legs broken or not broken).
Darkness came over the land.
This amazing prophecy by Amos (circa 750BC) predicted that the sun would go down at noon (solar eclipse?) at the time of the crucifixion. Remarkably this event was reported by secular historian Thallus (circa. 52AD) and later by Africanus in the early third century.
Calculate the probability of a solar eclipse happening at the time of the crucifixion. (Good Luck)

So once you have calculated the five probabilities, multiply them together to get the probability that Jesus was crucified in the manner he was.

No.8 The burial in a rich man’s grave. [Isaiah 53:9]
This was confirmed by Matthew 27:57-60 that Jesus was indeed buried in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathia, a rich man. Consider the options for burial like an unknown tomb, a paupers grave, left for the ravens etc.
Calculate the probability for Jesus being buried in a rich man’s tomb as against the other options.

Now that you have deduced all eight probabilities, multiply them together to get the probability that Jesus, and ONLY Jesus, fulfilled these prophecies. Now try to imagine the probability if you calculate for over 100 prophecies attributed to Jesus alone.
If you enjoyed that challenge, you might like to also consider the Palm Sunday prophecy and be amazed at its accuracy!

APPENDIX ”B”. The Palm Sunday Prophecy

We present here only a summary of this prophecy because it is possibly the most remarkable prophecy in the Bible, predicting the exact time in history when Jesus would appear. The famous prophecy of the Seventy Weeks of Daniel 9:24-27 indicates that the ‘Messiah’ will appear at the end of the sixty ninth week and will be killed shortly after. The prophecy was given to Daniel circa 536BC and was fulfilled by the Gospel accounts of Luke (circa 67AD) and John (circa 95AD), where both produce the same day in history. The Palm Sunday, the 10th Nisan, was the day that Jesus rode a donkey into Jerusalem just prior to his arrest on 14th Nisan and execution on 15th Nisan. What is remarkable about this prophecy, unlike any other in the Bible, is that its starting date is precisely set by an astronomical event, the phasis of the Moon.
The month of Nisan is the first month of the Jewish calendar and its start date is determined by the phasis of the moon, which can be determined to incredible accuracy.

Gabriel’s Message; Prophecy of the sixty ninth week [Daniel 9:25-26]
“Know therefore and understand; from the time that the word went out to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the time of an anointed prince, there shall be seven weeks; and for sixty two weeks it shall be built again with streets and a moat, but in a troubled time.” [Daniel 9:25]
“After the sixty two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off and have nothing…” [Daniel 9:26]
The proof will be summarised here, but the detail can be made available on request.
The prophecy starts on 1st Nisan 445BC when king Artaxerxes (Babylon) issued the decree to rebuild Jerusalem. According to data from the Royal Observatory Greenwich, the new moon occurred at Jerusalem on the 13th March 445BC at 7hours 9 minutes. So our start date is fixed as 13th March 445BC.
The scope of the prophecy is 7 plus 62 weeks or 69 weeks.
Now weeks are considered as weeks of years [Ezekiel 4:4], not weeks of days, and years are prophetic ones of 360 days, so we have: 69 x 7 x 360 = 173,880 days.
Converting to astronomical solar years we get 173880/ 365.24 = 476 years 25 days as the scope.
From 13th March 445BC to 13th March 1BC is 444 years.
From 13th March 1BC to 13th March 1AD is 1 year (there is no year zero)
From 13th March 1AD to 13th March 32AD is 31 years, so the fulfilment year is 32AD.
Now we have 25 days to advance from the 13th March.
From 13th March 32AD to 31st March 32AD is 19 days, leaving 6 days remaining for April.
So our fulfilment date is 6th April 32AD.
Now according to the Julian Calendar, this date is a Sunday. [See references for link]
In the Hebrew calendar, this date is 6th Nisan 32AD. [See NOTES at end of article]
But according to Africanus et al., in the first century the Jews used a calendar with an 8 year cycle, rather than the modern one with a 19 year cycle. The Julian and Hebrew calendars aligned in 30AD and the Hebrew calendar had an extra month (intercalary) of 30 days added to year 32AD.
By 32AD, the first century calendar was actually 4 days advanced on the modern calendar.
So that makes the fulfilment date Sunday 10th Nisan 32AD. (in the first century Hebrew calendar).

What do the Gospels tell us?
Luke 3:1-2 declares that “in the fifteenth year of the reign of Emperor Tiberius, when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea….the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the wilderness”.
History tells us that the reign of Tiberius started on 19th August 14AD.
So the 15th year of Tiberius started on 19th August 28AD.
John the Baptist baptised Jesus then at the following Passover which would be 29AD. [John 2:13]
The Gospel of John records three more Passovers, with Jesus being crucified on the last.
The second Passover was in John 5:1 (30AD).
The third Passover was in John 6:4 (31AD).
The Passover of the crucifixion is in John 12:1 and hence is in the year 32AD.
The Gospel of John (12:1-12) claims that 6 days before the Passover (8th Nisan), Jesus came to Bethany to the house where Martha and Lazarus lived and attended a dinner (Sabbath – 9th Nisan) and on the next day (Sunday 10th Nisan) left to enter Jerusalem, riding on a donkey.
The Gospels hence yield a date for Palm Sunday as Sunday 10th Nisan 32AD!
So we have the prophecy of Daniel, given over 500 years BC yielding EXACTLY the same date in history for Palm Sunday as the Gospels, which are dated no later than 95AD. How good is that?

Dead Sea Scrolls
The Gospel of Luke (4:16-21) gives an account of where Jesus reads in the synagogue about the suffering servant from the scroll of Isaiah (61:1-2) and Jesus identifies himself as the Anointed One by saying “Today this scripture has been fulfilled”. Among the findings of the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) at Qumran found in Cave 11 was a commentary on Melchizedek (labelled 11QMelch) which contains a passage on the Anointed One of God who will be “cut off” (killed) after 62 weeks. The claim on this parchment is that the personage of Isaiah 61:1-2 is the same as the one in Daniel 9:26.
Be aware that the DSS were hidden in caves no later than 70AD when the Romans destroyed Jerusalem and were only discovered late last century, so these are ‘originals’, untouched by later editing. So Jesus in effect identified himself as the suffering servant of Isaiah, and this parchment tells us that he will be “cut off” (killed) shortly after the 69th week of Daniel’s prophecy. And so it came to be.
The 69th week finished on 10th Nisan 32AD and Jesus was crucified and died on Friday 15th Nisan 32AD.
We challenge our Muslim readers to find a prophecy like this in the Quran.

NOTES for using on-line Calendars
It is important to realise that using on-calendars can be tricky. Modern routines convert from Gregorian to Hebrew and vice versa. The problem is that the Julian calendar was in force in first century AD, and the Gregorian calendar didn’t come into use till about 1582AD. Secondly, the modern Hebrew calendar uses a 19 year cycle with intercalary months in the 3, 6, 8, 11, 14, 17 & 19 years.
However the Hebrew calendar in the first century used an 8 year cycle with intercalary months in the 3, 6 & 8 years (Africanus et al.). This calendar was aligned with the Julian calendar in 30AD and by adding the days from 30AD to 32AD for both the Hebrew and Julian calendars (proof not given here), you will notice that the Hebrew calendar is now 4 days in advance of the Julian date.

Procedure to convert 6th April 32AD to Hebrew calendar date (of First century AD):
- Click on the Julian calendar link in References below (your browser must support Javascript)
- scroll down to the Julian Calendar box.
- Enter year as 32, select month as April and enter day as 06, as the end date for the prophecy
- Click on ‘calculate’ button to calculate the Hebrew date in the modern calendar
- Notice the day of week is Sunday (important – this is Palm Sunday)
- Scroll down to box below for Hebrew calendar and notice the date is 6th Nisan.
- Then add the 4 days to compensate for the calendar inaccuracy and you get 10th Nisan 32AD.


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Walvoord J.F. “Daniel – The key to Prophetic Revelation” (Moody)
Wise M, Abegg M “the Dead Sea Scrolls – a new translation” (Harper SF)
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Julian Calendar on-line
Dr Mark Durie “The Third Choice” – Review
So who is Allah

Last Updated on Saturday, 16 October 2010 20:26