Having recently written about Islam’s enclaves which are posing as safe havens for those poor Muslim victims of our extreme tolerance and largesse it occurred to me that we are being deviated from an analysis of the central aim of Islam. From Mohammad to today that aim remains world domination obtained via stealth jihad, small raids and acts of violence or threat, da’wa, taqiyya (lying), claims of victimhood, efforts to gag all truthful discussion of Islam which has heaps to hide, infiltration and manipulation, and outright terrorism and violent jihad.
Islam is fear, hatred, control and utter repression. Islam’s enclaves are a deadly danger to others as unending acts of threat and violence show. Conquest and control are hardwired into Islam’s text, practices and laws and will never change. Islam’s doctrine is utterly unacceptable in a civilised world.
Part 1 looks at Islam’s doctrine of hate and violence in the Koran while part 2 follows the same doctrine into the hadith, sira, laws and comments from Muslims past and present. They are text summaries for those who don’t have the time to wade through the vileness of Islam.
The Koran, the supposed revelation of allah’s literal word by Mohammad, is filled with the substantial hatreds of allah and the demand that Muslims hate what allah hates and allah really hates non-believers.
***koran 8:55 the worst of the moving (living) creatures before allah are those who disbelieve ---so they shall not believe.
Note *Koran 8:75 relegates converts to a lesser status.
Islamic law validates such hatred –
*Reliance of the Traveller: sharia Law w 59.2 p 1015:
...”and so to disobedience has two aspects, one regarding allah most high, since it is his effect, choice, and will, in which respect one accepts it out of deference to the sovereign and his sovereignty, assenting to his disposal of the matter; and another aspect regarding the perpetrator, since it is his acquisition and attribute, the sign of his being detested and odious to allah, who has afflicted him of the causes of remoteness and hatred, in respect of which he is condemnable and blameworthy. And this clarifies the koranic verses and hadiths about hatred for the sake of allah and love for the sake of allah, being unyielding towards the unbelievers, hard against them, and detesting them, while accepting the destiny of allah most high insofar as it is the decree of allah mighty and majestic.
(ie show hatred and violence towards non-Muslims who are detested by allah, while accepting that allah made them non-Muslims!!! Unbelievable!!)
The Koran is a complete confusion of messed up and perverted stories taken from others, Arab paganism and Islamic invention with unending violence to non-Muslims.
There is no historical chronology and often the textural ‘context’ is missing too as one verse bears no relation to others around it. This is unimportant as the text is the literal word of allah and its instructions stand for eternity anyway. Hence the Muslim cry that text is ‘taken out of context’ is a joke. Any context at all is artificially provided by a claimed biography of Mohammad written in the mid-late 8th century and only existing as a 9th century rendition (Ibn Ishaq’s Sirat Rasul’allah – the ‘Sira’ part of Islam’s canonical text). Mohammad supposedly died in 632 AD. The Koran is arranged from biggest to smallest suras but, based on the sira, is sorted into Meccan text– which also threatens others as Mohammad abused local deities, and the later written and over-riding (Abrogating) Medina text when Mohammad had power and attacked others, enslaved, stole, raped, slaughtered and threatened, in some cases demanding payment, slaves and/or conversion if people wanted to be safe from his violence.
Islam’s ‘Law of Abrogation’ of ‘revelations’ (*Koran 2:106 and 16:101 legitimates abrogation) is needed as apparently allah couldn’t make up his mind. Later verses ‘replace/over-ride’ earlier ones. The Koranic ‘science’ of ‘Abrogation’ ("Nasikh wa Mansukh") uses the revered work "al-Nasikh wal-Mansukh" (The Abrogator and the Abrogated) which examines conflict and contradiction in the koran and goes through every sura (chapter), detailing every verse which has been cancelled, and the verse(s) which replace it. Of 114 suras, only 43 were not affected by ‘abrogation.’
Muslims argue over the correct order of text but there is a general consensus which puts the most vicious text in the later written and over-riding Medina text (I have 11 slightly different ‘orders’ from different Islamic groups). These are allah’s final instructions to Muslims.
One accepted order of suras which contains a few more suras than western analysis usually includes -
2(281 later), 8 (30-36 MECCA), 3, 33, 60, 4, 99, 57, 47 (13 during Hijrah), 13, 55, 76, 65, 98, 59, (110), 24, 22, 63, 58, 49, 66, 64, 61, 62, 48, 5, 9, (compared to Western analysis it has suras 99, 13, 55, 76)
(***summary order for the most horrific text is ~2, 8, 3, 33, 4, 47, 59, 22, 62, 48, 61, 5, 9)
The Medina text is filled with lies about the beliefs of others, threats and outright calls for violence against others. It also contains text that renders females inferior to males for eternity. People of course scream, ‘there’s violence in the Bible’ – yes there is as the Old Testament in particular was written long before Islam in violent times ---but although the injunction ‘thou shall not kill’ was suspended by god in certain limited circumstances in the OT, at no time were Jews given permission to kill for ever or until all the religion was Judaism. In the New Testament Jesus said to put up your sword. Christians were persecuted for the first 300 years of Christianity. This is not the case for Islam which came --600-700- or so years after Christianity. Mohammad was a sadistic slaver-trader, thief and war lord and his men raged against others and continued to do so after his death.
Many traditional Islamic theologians and koran commentators argue that violent material, such as sura 9, abrogates more ‘relatively’ tolerant material. When discussing why Muhammad didn't begin sura 9 (the last full sura) with the customary invocation bismillah ar-rahman ar-rahim, "in the name of Allah, the compassionate, the merciful," the highly valued Tafsir al-Jalalayn, by renowned 15th century imams Jalal al-Din Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Mahalli (1389-1459) and Jalal al-Din ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr al-Suyuti (1445-1505) stated the invocation, “is security, and [Sura 9] was sent down when (the need for such) security was removed by the sword.”
Many other commentators eg Ibn Kathir (1301-1372), Ad-Dahhak bin Muzahim, Ibn Juzayy (d. 1340) etc regard the Verse of the Sword, sura 9:5 ("slay the unbelievers wherever you find them") “abrogated every peace treaty in the Koran and ensured idolators would have no more treaties or promise of safety.
Don’t be tricked into believing some weaker text from suras 16, 29, 52, 73, 43 and 109 as ALL are Meccan and ABROGATED.
Sura 9 (and 5) is generally understood as being the Koran’s last word on jihad, and all other koranic text must be read in its light. Remember Mohammad was in the minority in Mecca ---and like Muslim minorities in the west today, feigned peace and called for ‘tolerance’ of HIS Islamic religion! When in the majority, Muslims don’t allow equality, safety, and full freedom of religion to non-Muslims because Islam forbids it!
Mohammad uttered “to you be your religion and to me mine” (Koran 109.6 – Meccan text), which was really asking for HIS right to practise HIS religion and was NOT tolerance of others whom he constantly abused.
***Koran 43:88-89 “And he [Muhammad] saith: O my Lord! Lo! these are a folk who believe not. Then bear with them (O Muhammad) and say: Peace. But they will come to know” (Meccan)
This is a threat and Mohammad returned later with 10,000 men and took over Mecca removing the pagans from their temple. Violent jihad is the preferred option once the numbers and weapons are available –as for ‘tolerance’...
And modern-day Chief Justice of Saudi Arabia, Sheikh ‘Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Humaid, has taught that in the Koran, “at first ‘the fighting’ was forbidden, then it was permitted and after that it was made obligatory.” He also distinguishes two groups Muslims must fight: “(1) against them who start ‘the fighting’ against you (Muslims) . . . (2) and against all those who worship others along with Allah . . . as mentioned in Surat Al-Baqarah (II), Al-Imran (III) and At-Taubah (IX) . . . and other Surahs (Chapters of the Koran).”
As Mohammad’s power increased, so did Islamic violence until the fighting became obligatory against others simply because they weren’t Muslims! Those who fought were rewarded on earth or in paradise, those who didn’t fight faced punishment.
Islamic text also includes the hadith and the sira where Mohammad’s exploits against others are extensively reported and where rewards are offered to those that fight. These will be discussed in part 2.
Below are some selections of text that demand and reward violence and hatred against others from the Koran. These verses are taken from sections that often contain many verses abusing and lying about others and their beliefs.
*Muslims are told they are ordained to fight, allah loves those who fight for him.
***Koran 2:216 Warfare (jihad) is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you; but it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. Allah knoweth, ye know not.
***Koran 61.4 "Verily, Allah loves those who fight in His Cause in rows as if they were solid structures"
***Koran 61:9-11 ‘He it is Who hath sent His messenger with the guidance and the religion of truth, that He may make it conqueror of all religion, however much idolaters may be averse. O ye who believe! Shall I show you a commerce that will save you from a painful doom? Ye should believe in Allah and His messenger, and should strive hard and fight for the cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives. This is better for you, if ye did but know.’
***Koran 9.29 Declare war on those to whom the scriptures were revealed but believe neither in god nor in the last day, and who do not forbid that which god and his apostles have forbidden, and who refuse to acknowledge the true religion (Islam) until they pay the poll tax (jizya) without reservation and are totally subjugated.
*Allah ‘buys’ the Muslim’s life in exchange for paradise –they must kill and be killed.eg suras 9.111, 3.169, 4.74, 47.4..
***Koran 9.111 Lo! Allah hath bought from the believers their lives and their wealth because the Garden will be theirs: they shall fight in the way of Allah and shall slay and be slain. ......Who fulfilleth His covenant better than Allah? Rejoice then in your bargain that ye have made, for that is the supreme triumph.
***Koran 4.74 let those who fight in the cause of god who barter the life of this world for that which is to come; for whoever fights on god’s path, whether he is killed or triumphs, we will give him a handsome reward.
***Koran 47.4 Therefore, when ye meet the Unbelievers, smite at their necks; At length, when ye have thoroughly subdued them [killed and wounded in the noble Koran], bind a bond firmly (on them): thereafter (is the time for) either generosity or ransom: Until the war lays down its burdens. Thus (are ye commanded): but if it had been Allah's Will, He could certainly have exacted retribution from them (Himself); but (He lets you fight) in order to test you, some with others. But those who are slain in the Way of Allah,- He will never let their deeds be lost.
*Others are attacked for daring to disapprove or criticise-AS HAPPENS TODAY!!!
***Koran 9.12 but if they violate their oaths after their covenant, and attack your religion with disapproval and criticism then fight the leaders of disbelief ...for surely their oaths are nothing to them –so they may stop ..
***Koran 9.14 fight against them so that allah will punish them by your hands and disgrace them and give you victory over them and heal the breasts of the believing people
* Muslims cannot be ‘friends’ with non-Muslims including their own family but must be severe, harsh to them–
***Koran 3.28 Let not the believers take the unbelievers for friends or helpers rather than believers; and whoever does this, he shall have nothing of (the guardianship of) allah, but you should guard yourselves against them, guarding carefully; and allah makes you cautious of (retribution from) Himself; and to allah is the eventual coming. (be pals and allah will punish you)
***Koran 4.144 O ye who believe! Take not for friends unbelievers rather than believers: Do ye wish to offer Allah an open proof against yourselves?
***Koran 5.51 Believers do not take Jews or Christians as friends. They are but one another's friends. If anyone of you takes them for his friends then he is surely one of them. God will not guide evil doers.
***Koran 9.23 O ye who believe! take not as Auliya (supporters, helpers) your fathers and your brothers if they love infidelity above Faith: if any of you do so, they do wrong [become wrong –doers].
***Koran 48.29 Muhammad is the messenger of allah. And those who are with him are severe against disbelievers , and merciful among themselves........
***Koran 9:73 O Prophet! strive hard against the unbelievers and the Hypocrites, and be firm [harsh] against them. Their abode is Hell,- an evil refuge indeed.
***Koran 9:123 O ye who believe! Fight those of the disbelievers who are near to you, and let them find harshness in you, and know that Allah is with those who keep their duty.
(*koran 5.55 Your friend/helper can be only Allah; and His messenger and those who believe, who establish worship and pay the poor due, and bow down [in prayer] – note sura 5.57-64 is more ‘no friends’ and hatred against Jews and Christians...allah doesn’t like the ‘mischief makers’. This hatred fills many suras!).
Some Muslims claim they couldn’t be friends because they were fighting Jews and Christians ---but the fight continues until allah’s religion rules the world so nothing has changed! Muslims feign friendship to soften the hearts towards Islam.
*Some koranic text (eg 8.12, 8.60, 3.151, 33.26, 59.2 ) brags of causing terror in others for the crime of NOT believing in allah.
***Koran 8.12 When your Lord revealed to the angels: I am with you, therefore make firm those who believe. I will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve. Therefore strike off their heads and strike off every fingertip [and toes] of them.
***Koran 8.60 Against them make ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds of war, to strike terror into (the hearts of) the enemies of Allah and your enemies, and others besides, whom ye may not know, but whom Allah doth know. Whatever ye shall spend in the cause of Allah, shall be repaid unto you, and ye shall not be treated unjustly.
(Verse 61 talks about if they incline to peace...but as their law states it is on Islam’s terms-ie convert or pay jizya/tribute or sign a truce only if Islam can’t win)
***Koran 3.151 We shall cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve because they ascribe unto Allah partners, for which no warrant hath been revealed. Their habitation is the Fire, and hapless the abode of the wrong-doers.
***Koran 33.26-27 'And he caused to descend from their strongholds the Jews that assisted them. And he struck terror into their hearts. Some you slaughtered and some you took prisoner. ' And he caused you to inherit their land and their houses and their wealth and land ye have not trodden. Allah is able to do all things.
***Koran 59.2 He it is who drove out the disbelievers among the people of the scripture from their homes at the first gathering. You did not think that they would get out. And they thought that their fortresses would defend them from allah. But allah’s (torment) reached them from a place whereof they expected it not, and he cast terror into their hearts so that they destroyed their own dwellings with their own hands and the hands of the believers. (several verses on BOOTY follow)
* Plenty of text offers rewards for fighters. Rewards include booty on earth; being saved from a painful doom; allah’s forgiveness, mercy and love; your efforts are recoded as deeds of righteousness in the heavenly ledger; allah gives victory; you will be ‘successful;’ you will live in paradise (3.169) with those virgins and young boys like pearls (lots of text); you will have a higher status in paradise; eg 2.218, 8.1, 8.41, 3.157, 33.26-27, 4.74, 4.100, 22.58-59, 61.4, 61.9-11, 47.4, 48.18-21, 9.14, 9.20, 9.88-89, 9.111, 9.123
It is a CON as text tells us allah has already, pre-birth, determined your entire life including whether you go to hell or paradise and nothing you can do will alter what has already been written down for you.
***Koran 17.13-14 Every man's fate We have fastened on his own neck: On the Day of Judgment We shall bring out for him a scroll, which he will see spread open. (It will be said to him:) "Read thine (own) record: Sufficient is thy soul this day to make out an account against thee." [you yourself are sufficient as a reckoner against yourself]
Many hadiths tell of an angel writing down your life and unchangeable fate –hell or paradise, before you are born eg Bukhari: Bukhari V4, Book 54, No. 430; V4 Book 55 No. 549; V8, Book 77, No. 593; V 9, Book 93, No 546: Muslim Book33, Nos 6390, 6392, 6393, 6394, 6395, 6396, 6397, ...6406, 6407..)
***Koran 3.157 And if you are killed or die in the way of allah, forgiveness and mercy from allah are far better than all that they amass.
***Koran 4.74 (cited above) .... ‘a handsome reward.’ ***Koran 4.100 – promises ‘rewards’ while ***Koran 22.58-59 states that those who died or were killed in the cause of allah would receive a ‘good provision for them.’
***Koran 9.20 Those who believed and emigrated and strove hard and fought in allah’s cause with their wealth and their lives are far higher in degree with allah. They are the successful.
***Koran 48:18-21. Allah was well pleased with the believers when they swore allegiance unto thee beneath the tree, and He knew what was in their hearts, and He sent down calmness and reassurance on them, and hath rewarded them with a near victory (19) and much booty that they will capture. Allah is ever Mighty, Wise. (20) Allah promiseth you much booty that ye will capture, and hath given you this in advance, and hath withheld men’s hand from you, that it may be a token for the believers, and that He may guide you on a right path.’ (21) And other (victories and much booty he promises you) which are not yet within your power; indeed allah encompasses them...
* Other text rewards fighters and gives punishments for non-fighters eg 4.95, 9: 88-90, 9.120-121, etc..
***Koran 4.95 Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and receive no hurt, and those who strive and fight in the cause of Allah with their goods and their persons. Allah hath granted a grade higher to those who strive and fight with their goods and persons than to those who sit (at home). Unto all (in Faith) Hath Allah promised good: But those who strive and fight Hath He distinguished above those who sit (at home) by a special [huge] reward,- (the sick, blind may be excused)
***Koran 9.88-90 But the messenger and those who believed with him strove hard and fought with their wealth and their lives. Such are they for whom are good things, and it is they who will be successful. (89) for them allah has got ready gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success.
(90) and those from the desert Arabs who made excuses came asking your permission to exempt them (from battle) and those who had lied to allah and his messenger sat at home; a painful torment will seize those of them who disbelieve. (Don't fight=disbelief)
***Koran 9.120-121 It was not becoming of the people of Medina and the Bedouins of the neighbourhood to remain behind allah’s messenger and to prefer their own lives to his life. That is because they suffer neither thirst nor fatigue nor hunger in the cause of allah, nor they take any step to raise the anger of disbelievers, nor inflict any injury upon an enemy but is written to their credit as a deed of righteousness. Surely allah wastes not the reward of the good. (121) Nor do they spend anything (in allah’s cause) –small or great—nor cross a valley but is written to their credit that allah may recompense them with the best of what they used to do.
[ie you get ‘allah points’ for suffering and spending in his cause and causing anger or injury to ‘enemies’]
* Bigger threats for non-fighters- you are punished, accused of being a disbeliever and sent to hell—eg 9.24, 9.39, 9.81-85, 9.90, 9.94-95, 8.15-16, 9.41, 9.73, 9.125, 33.60-62, 4.88-89, 4.138-145 etc’
***Koran 9.24 [long but says if you value your family, possessions, home more than ] ‘striving hard and fighting in his cause, then wait until allah brings about his decision (torment). And allah guides not people who are disobedient.
***Koran 9.39 Unless ye go forth, He will punish you with a grievous penalty/painful torment, and put others in your place; but Him ye would not harm in the least. For Allah hath power over all things.
***Koran 9.41 tells Muslims to march forth as that’s better for them and ***Koran 9:44 says believers don’t ask for exemptions from fighting ..
***Koran 9.45 It is only those who believe NOT in allah and the last day and whose hearts are in doubt that ask your leave (to be exempted from jihad). So in their doubts they waver. [ie true Muslims are willing go to jihad!! These others are hypocrites]
***Koran 9:81-85. Those who were left behind [at the time of jihad fighting] rejoiced at sitting still behind the messenger of Allah, and were averse to striving with their wealth and their lives in Allah’s way. And they said: “Go not forth in the heat!” Say: “The heat of hell is more intense of heat,” if they but understood. …(84) And never (O Muhammad) pray for one of them who dieth, nor stand by his grave.. Lo! They disbelieved in Allah and His messenger, and they died while they were evil-doers. (85) Let not their wealth nor their children please thee! Allah purposeth only to punish them thereby in the world, and that their soul shall pass away while they are disbelievers.
***Koran 9.125 (again the ‘doubters’ will be punished).. 'and they die while they are disbelievers.'
[ie if you dare to doubt, indicated by not fighting, allah will make you die in this state of doubt or disbelief and you won’t reach paradise.]
***Koran 8.15,16 Believers when you meet the unbelievers preparing for battle do not turn your backs on them. (Anyone who does) shall incur the wrath of god and hell shall be his home; an evil dwelling indeed.
***Koran 33:60-62. (Re hypocrites)....... Accursed, they will be seized wherever found and slain with a (fierce/terrible) slaughter. That was the way of allah in the case of those who passed away of old; thou wilt not find for the way of allah aught of power to change.
***Koran 4.89 (Re hypocrites, apostates) ....... But take not friends from their ranks until they flee in the way of Allah (From what is forbidden). But if they turn renegades, seize them and slay them wherever ye find them; and (in any case) take no friends or helpers from their ranks
* Muslims are told it’s really allah who kills; Muslims are merely his slaves or agents of death.
***Koran 8.17 Ye [Muslims] slew them not but Allah slew them. And thou [Muhammad] threwest not when thou didst throw, but Allah threw, that he might test the believers by a fair trial from him.
* The battle is endless, until all the religion is allah’s or it’s judgement day –eg 2:193, 8:39, 9:5, 9:33
***Koran 2.193 And fight them until fitnah (disbelief -though often translated as ‘persecution’) is no more, and religion is for Allah. But if they desist (convert), then let there be no hostility except against wrong-doers.
[A Muslim is ‘persecuted’ by the mere presence of non-Muslims so the war only ends when others nolonger exist. Being ‘persecuted’ is supposedly worse than slaughtering ***Koran 2.191]
***Koran 8:39. And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and polytheism: i.e. worshipping others besides Allâh) and the religion will all be for Allâh Alone [in the whole of the world ]. But if they cease (worshipping others besides Allâh), then certainly, Allâh is All-Seer of what they do.
***Koran 9.5 Then when the sacred months have passed, then kill the Mushrikun (idolators, polytheists etc) wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them, and lie in wait for them in each and every ambush. But if they repent and perform Salat and give Zakat, then leave their way free, allah is oft forgiving, most merciful. [ie kill until they convert---really mercifull and tolerant!]
***Koran 9:33. It is He Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad ) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islâm), to make it superior over all religions even though the Mushrikûn (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh) hate (it).
The ‘Don’t kill’ LIES:
Note: Muslims cite PART of verse 5.32 ie to falsely claim they cannot kill but the full text from the Koran says NO such thing as they have added an ‘exemptions’ clause that actually allows them to kill anyone!
***Koran 5.32 On that account: We ordained for the Children of Israel that if any one slew a person - unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land - it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people. Then although there came to them Our messengers with clear signs, yet, even after that, many of them continued to commit excesses in the land. [non-Muslims are mischief makers, and of course they are always accused of killing or persecuting Muslims! The text is aimed at Jews anyway! Note the terrifying following verse]
***Koran 5.33 The punishment of those who wage war against god and his apostle, and strive with might and main for mischief through the land is: execution, or crucifixion, or the cutting off of hands and feet from opposite sides, or exile from the land: that is their disgrace in this world, and a heavy punishment is theirs in the hereafter.
Muslims also quote –
***Koran 4.29-30: O ye who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities: But let there be amongst you Traffic and trade by mutual good-will: Nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily Allah hath been to you Most Merciful! (30) If any do that rancour and injustice,- soon shall We cast them into the Fire: And easy it is for Allah.
This may prohibit suicide where a Muslim kills himself for NO purpose ---but it doesn’t prohibit suicide (martyrdom) bombing as a true believer on a mission for allah fully accepts, indeed HOPES to DIE and is rewarded for it!! (See sura 9.111 above)
This view is endorsed TODAY -
*Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradhawi (head of the European Council for Fatwa and Research, and president of the International Association of Muslim scholars (IAMS) and a spiritual guide of the Muslim Brotherhood. Speaking on Qatar TV in February 2006, Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradhawi confirmed his position:
“We are fighting in the name of religion, in the name of Islam, which makes this Jihad an individual duty, in which the entire nation takes part, and whoever is killed in this [Jihad] is a martyr. This is why I ruled that martyrdom operations are permitted, because he commits martyrdom for the sake of allah, and sacrifices his soul for the sake of allah.”
Clearly the Medina text of the Koran is filled with hatred for others and demands for violent conquest and is as ‘alive’ today as ever! This text IS Islam and is taught to children in Islamic schools, mosques and Islamic homes in Australia.
Text: http://www.usc.edu/schools/college/crcc/engagement/resources/texts/ or The Noble Quran: endowment for allah’s sake from the custodian of the two holy mosques......King Fahd Complex. Supplied free from the government of Saudi Arabia. Or the ALIM CDrom.
* Reliance of the Traveller; A classic manual of Islamic Sacred Law. In Arabic with facing English text (Note mis-translations), commentary and appendices edited and translated by Nuh Ha Mim Keller. 1994. Backed by al-Azhar etc. Amana publications USA.